Gause, Georgyi Frantsevitch (b. Moscow, Russia. 27.12.1910 - 04.05.1986). Russian microbiologist. He graduated with BSc at Moscow University in 1931, and DBiolSc in 1940. Until 1942 he was lecturer, later professor, at the Timiriasev Institute for Biological Research, University of Moscow, where he worked on the structure of populations of microorganisms in culture. In 1932 he published what has become known as the principle of competitive exclusion, based on experimental work done with microorganisms in culture. This was the same year in which Lotka put forward the same principle based on theoretical calculations. Gause used mixed cultures of yeast species in his experiments, and also Paramecium cultures. Many of the data published from these experiments and experiments on predation have been used by other ecologists in the formation and testing of stochastic models of the interaction of populations. In 1934 he published The Struggle for Existence (Baltimore). In 1942 Gause was appointed deputy, and later director, of the New Antibiotics Research Institute, Moscow. Since that time his work has been concerned with the development and effects of new antibiotics. He was awarded the Stalin prize in 1946.

"The Fontana Dictionary of Modern Thinkers"
London, 1983